A report released today from the Pew Charitable Trusts sheds new light on
what has long been true but is often overlooked: local jails play a vital role in our nation’s health care safety net, working often as the default response to people with mental health and substance use disorders. Individuals passing through jails have high rates of chronic and infectious diseases as well as disproportionately high rates of mental health and substance use disorders compared to the general
population. Even so, jails are often ill-equipped to respond to the health
care needs of people in their custody.